Marine Fishes of Texas

 

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Common Name Scientific Name Type Family Thumb
Sergeant major Abudefduf saxatilis damselfishes Pomacentridae
Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri mackerels Scombridae
Sole, lined Achirus lineatus soles Achiridae
Killifish, diamond Adinia xenica killifishes Fundulidae
Herring, skipjack Alosa chrysochloris herring Clupeidae
Filefish, dotterel Aluterus heudelotii filefish Monacanthidae
Filefish, orange Aluterus schoepfii filefish Monacanthidae
Anchovy, striped Anchoa hepsetus anchovies Engraulidae
Anchovy, dusky Anchoa lyolepis anchovies Engraulidae
Anchovy, bay Anchoa mitchilli anchovies Engraulidae
Flounder, ocellated Ancylopsetta ommata flounders Paralichthyidae
Margate, black Anisotremus surinamensis grunts Haemulidae
Drum, freshwater Aplodinotus grunniens drums Sciaenidae
Sheepshead Archosargus probatocephalus porgies Sparidae
Catfish, hardhead Ariopsis felis catfishes, sea Ariidae
Stargazer, southern Astroscopus y-graecum stargazers Uranoscopidae
Gar, alligator Atractosteus spatula gars Lepisosteidae
Aulopus, yellowfin Aulopus filamentosus flagfins Aulopidae
Catfish, gafftopsail Bagre marinus catfishes, sea Ariidae
Perch, silver Bairdiella chrysoura drums Sciaenidae
Triggerfish, gray Balistes capriscus triggerfish Balistidae
Eel, sooty Bascanichthys bascanium eels, snake Ophichthidae
Goby, ragged Bollmannia communis gobies Gobiidae
Flounder, twospot Bothus robinsi flounders Bothidae
Menhaden, finescale Brevoortia gunteri herring Clupeidae
Menhaden, Gulf Brevoortia patronus herring Clupeidae
Porgy, whitebone Calamus leucosteus porgies Sparidae
Jack, yellow Caranx bartholomaei jacks Carangidae
Runner, blue Caranx crysos jacks Carangidae
Jack, crevalle Caranx hippos jacks Carangidae
Jack, black Caranx lugubris jacks Carangidae
Jack, bar Caranx ruber jacks Carangidae
Shark, blacknose Carcharhinus acronotus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, spinner Carcharhinus brevipinna sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, finetooth Carcharhinus isodon sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, bull Carcharhinus leucas sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, blacktip Carcharhinus limbatus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, dusky Carcharhinus obscurus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, sandbar Carcharhinus plumbeus sharks Carcharhinidae
Tilefish, blueline Caulolatilus microps tilefishes Malacanthidae
Snook, fat Centropomus parallelus snooks Centropomidae
Sea bass, twospot Centropristis fuscula basses, sea Serranidae
Sea bass, rock Centropristis philadelphica basses, sea Serranidae
Spadefish, Atlantic Chaetodipterus faber spadefishes Ephippidae
Butterflyfish, spotfin Chaetodon ocellatus butterflyfishes Chaetodontidae
Blenny, stretchjaw Chasmodes longimaxilla blennies Blenniidae
Flyingfish, Atlantic Cheilopogon melanurus flyingfishes Exocoetidae
Burrfish, striped Chilomycterus schoepfii porcupinefishes Diodontidae
Bumper, Atlantic Chloroscombrus chrysurus jacks Carangidae
Whiff, bay Citharichthys spilopterus flounders Paralichthyidae
Pacu, red bellied Colossoma brachypomum pacus Characidae
Grunt, barred Conodon nobilis grunts Haemulidae
Dolphinfish, common Coryphaena hippurus dolphinfishes Coryphaenidae
Goby, darter Ctenogobius boleosoma gobies Gobiidae
Carp, grass Ctenopharyngodon idella carps Cyprinidae
Flounder, Mexican Cyclopsetta chittendeni flounders Paralichthyidae
Seatrout, sand Cynoscion arenarius drums Sciaenidae
Seatrout, spotted Cynoscion nebulosus drums Sciaenidae
Seatrout, silver Cynoscion nothus drums Sciaenidae
Minnow, sheepshead Cyprinodon variegatus pupfishes Cyprinodontidae
Carp, common Cyprinus carpio carps Cyprinidae
Stingray, Atlantic Dasyatis sabina rays Dasyatidae
Stingray, bluntnose Dasyatis say rays Dasyatidae
Grouper, marbled Dermatolepis inermis groupers Serranidae
Pompano, Irish Diapterus auratus mojarras Gerreidae
Sand perch, dwarf Diplectrum bivittatum basses, sea Serranidae
Sleeper, fat Dormitator maculatus sleepers Eleotridae
Shad, gizzard Dorosoma cepedianum herring Clupeidae
Shad, threadfin Dorosoma petenense herring Clupeidae
Sharksucker Echeneis naucrates remoras Echeneidae
Eel, snapper Echiophis punctifer eels, snake Ophichthidae
Ladyfish Elops saurus tenpounders Elopidae
Hind, rock Epinephelus adscensionis groupers Serranidae
Hind, red Epinephelus guttatus groupers Serranidae
Snapper, queen Etelis oculatus snappers Lutjanidae
Flounder, fringed Etropus crossotus flounders Paralichthyidae
Herring, round Etrumeus teres herring Clupeidae
Mojarra, spotfin Eucinostomus argenteus mojarras Gerreidae
Jenny, silver Eucinostomus gula mojarras Gerreidae
Mojarra, flagfin Eucinostomus melanopterus mojarras Gerreidae
Tunny, little Euthynnus alletteratus tunas Scombridae
Goby, lyre Evorthodus lyricus gobies Gobiidae
Cornetfish, red Fistularia petimba cornetfishes Fistulariidae
Killifish, Gulf Fundulus grandis killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, bayou Fundulus pulvereus killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, longnose Fundulus similis killifishes Fundulidae
Shark, nurse Ginglymostoma cirratum sharks Ginglymostomatidae
Skilletfish Gobiesox strumosus clingfishes Gobiesocidae
Goby, violet Gobioides broussonetii gobies Gobiidae
Sleeper, bigmouth Gobiomorus dormitor sleepers Eleotridae
Goby, highfin Gobionellus oceanicus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, naked Gobiosoma bosc gobies Gobiidae
Goby, code Gobiosoma robustum gobies Gobiidae
Spanish flag Gonioplectrus hispanus basses, sea Serranidae
Sole, fringed Gymnachirus texae soles Achiridae
Moray, blacktail Gymnothorax kolpos eels, morays Muraenidae
Ray, smooth butterfly Gymnura micrura rays Gymnuridae
Tomtate Haemulon aurolineatum grunts Haemulidae
Sardine, scaled Harengula jaguana herring Clupeidae
Rosefish, blackbelly Helicolenus dactylopterus scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Bass, longtail Hemanthias leptus basses, sea Serranidae
Jack, bluntnose Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus jacks Carangidae
Seahorse, lined Hippocampus erectus seahorses Syngnathidae
Sargassumfish Histrio histrio frogfishes Antennariidae
Angelfish, blue Holacanthus bermudensis angelfishes Pomacanthidae
Squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis squirrelfishes Holocentridae
Driftfish, black Hyperoglyphe bythites medusafishes Centrolophidae
Blenny, crested Hypleurochilus geminatus blennies Blenniidae
Halfbeak, false silverstripe Hyporhamphus meeki halfbeaks Hemiramphidae
Grouper, yellowedge Hyporthodus flavolimbatus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, misty Hyporthodus mystacinus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, warsaw Hyporthodus nigritus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, snowy Hyporthodus niveatus groupers Serranidae
Blenny, freckled Hypsoblennius ionthas blennies Blenniidae
Catfish, blue Ictalurus furcatus catfishes, North American Ictaluridae
Buffalo, smallmouth Ictiobus bubalus suckers Catostomidae
Buffalo, bigmouth Ictiobus cyprinellus suckers Catostomidae
Chub, Bermuda Kyphosus sectatrix chubs, sea Kyphosidae
Puffer, smooth Lagocephalus laevigatus puffers Tetraodontidae
Pinfish Lagodon rhomboides porgies Sparidae
Drum, banded Larimus fasciatus drums Sciaenidae
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus drums Sciaenidae
Gar, spotted Lepisosteus oculatus gars Lepisosteidae
Gar, longnose Lepisosteus osseus gars Lepisosteidae
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus sunfishes Centrarchidae
Cusk eel, blackedge Lepophidium brevibarbe eels, cusk Ophidiidae
Tripletail, Atlantic Lobotes surinamensis tripletails Lobotidae
Tilefish Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps tilefishes Malacanthidae
Killifish, rainwater Lucania parva killifishes Fundulidae
Snapper, blackfin Lutjanus buccanella snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, red Lutjanus campechanus snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, gray Lutjanus griseus snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, lane Lutjanus synagris snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, silk Lutjanus vivanus snappers Lutjanidae
Tilefish, sand Malacanthus plumieri tilefishes Malacanthidae
Tarpon Megalops atlanticus tarpons Megalopidae
Silverside, rough Membras martinica silversides Atherinopsidae
Silverside, inland Menidia beryllina silversides Atherinopsidae
Kingfish, southern Menticirrhus americanus drums Sciaenidae
Kingfish, Gulf Menticirrhus littoralis drums Sciaenidae
Wormfish, pink Microdesmus longipinnis wormfishes Microdesmidae
Goby, clown Microgobius gulosus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, green Microgobius thalassinus gobies Gobiidae
Croaker, Atlantic Micropogonias undulatus drums Sciaenidae
Bass, white Morone chrysops basses, temperate Moronidae
Bass, striped Morone saxatilis basses, temperate Moronidae
Mullet, striped Mugil cephalus mullet Mugilidae
Mullet, white Mugil curema mullet Mugilidae
Dogfish, smooth Mustelus canis sharks Triakidae
Smoothhound, Florida Mustelus norrisi sharks Triakidae
Scamp Mycteroperca phenax groupers Serranidae
Ray, lesser electric Narcine bancroftii rays Narcinidae
Shark, lemon Negaprion brevirostris sharks Carcharhinidae
Scorpionfish, spinycheek Neomerinthe hemingwayi scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Batfish, spotted Ogcocephalus pantostictus batfishes Ogcocephalidae
Leatherjack Oligoplites saurus jacks Carangidae
Eel, shrimp Ophichthus gomesii eels, snake Ophichthidae
Eel, king snake Ophichthus rex eels, snake Ophichthidae
Cusk eel, crested Ophidion josephi eels, cusk Ophidiidae
Herring, Atlantic thread Opisthonema oglinum herring Clupeidae
Toadfish, Gulf Opsanus beta toadfishes Batrachoididae
Pigfish Orthopristis chrysoptera grunts Haemulidae
Porgy, red Pagrus pagrus porgies Sparidae
Flounder, Gulf Paralichthys albigutta flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, southern Paralichthys lethostigma flounders Paralichthyidae
Cubbyu Pareques umbrosus drums Sciaenidae
Butterfish, Gulf Peprilus burti butterfishes Stromateidae
Harvestfish Peprilus paru butterfishes Stromateidae
Molly, sailfin Poecilia latipinna livebearers Poeciliidae
Drum, black Pogonias cromis drums Sciaenidae
Threadfin, Atlantic Polydactylus octonemus threadfins Polynemidae
Beardfish, stout Polymixia nobilis beardfish Polymixiidae
Angelfish, French Pomacanthus paru angelfishes Pomacanthidae
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix bluefishes Pomatomidae
Scorpionfish, highfin Pontinus rathbuni scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Midshipman, Atlantic Porichthys plectrodon toadfishes Batrachoididae
Bigeye Priacanthus arenatus bigeyes Priacanthidae
Searobin, bigeye Prionotus longispinosus searobins Triglidae
Searobin, bandtail Prionotus ophryas searobins Triglidae
Searobin, leopard Prionotus scitulus searobins Triglidae
Searobin, bighead Prionotus tribulus searobins Triglidae
Wenchman Pristipomoides aquilonaris snappers Lutjanidae
Lionfish, red Pterois volitans lionfishes Scorpaenidae
Cobia Rachycentron canadum cobias Rachycentridae
Skate, roundel Raja texana rays Rajidae
Shark, whale Rhincodon typus sharks Rhincodontidae
Ray, cownose Rhinoptera bonasus rays Rhinopteridae
Shark, Atlantic sharpnose Rhizoprionodon terraenovae sharks Carcharhinidae
Snapper, vermilion Rhomboplites aurorubens snappers Lutjanidae
Soapfish, whitespotted Rypticus maculatus basses, sea Serranidae
Drum, red Sciaenops ocellatus drums Sciaenidae
Mackerel, king Scomberomorus cavalla mackerels Scombridae
Mackerel, Spanish Scomberomorus maculatus mackerels Scombridae
Scorpionfish, spotted Scorpaena plumieri scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Moonfish Selene setapinnis jacks Carangidae
Lookdown Selene vomer jacks Carangidae
Amberjack, greater Seriola dumerili jacks Carangidae
Jack, almaco Seriola rivoliana jacks Carangidae
Rudderfish, banded Seriola zonata jacks Carangidae
Sandfish, belted Serranus subligarius basses, sea Serranidae
Puffer, least Sphoeroides parvus puffers Tetraodontidae
Barracuda, great Sphyraena barracuda barracudas Sphyraenidae
Guaguanche Sphyraena guachancho barracudas Sphyraenidae
Shark, scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini sharks Sphyrnidae
Shark, bonnethead Sphyrna tiburo sharks Sphyrnidae
Dogfish, Cuban Squalus cubensis sharks Squalidae
Drum, star Stellifer lanceolatus drums Sciaenidae
Porgy, longspine Stenotomus caprinus porgies Sparidae
Filefish, planehead Stephanolepis hispidus filefish Monacanthidae
Needlefish, Atlantic Strongylura marina needlefishes Belonidae
Flounder, shoal Syacium gunteri flounders Paralichthyidae
Tonguefish, blackcheek Symphurus plagiusa tonguefishes Cynoglossidae
Pipefish, chain Syngnathus louisianae pipefishes Syngnathidae
Pipefish, sargassum Syngnathus pelagicus pipefishes Syngnathidae
Pipefish, Gulf Syngnathus scovelli pipefishes Syngnathidae
Lizardfish, inshore Synodus foetens lizardfishes Synodontidae
Pomfret, black Taractes rubescens pomfrets Bramidae
Pomfret, bigscale Taractichthys longipinnis pomfrets Bramidae
Tuna, yellowfin Thunnus albacares tunas Scombridae
Tuna, blackfin Thunnus atlanticus tunas Scombridae
Tuna, bigeye Thunnus obesus tunas Scombridae
Pompano, Florida Trachinotus carolinus jacks Carangidae
Permit Trachinotus falcatus jacks Carangidae
Scad, rough Trachurus lathami jacks Carangidae
Cutlassfish, Atlantic Trichiurus lepturus cutlassfishes Trichiuridae
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus soles Achiridae
Hake, Gulf Urophycis cirrata hakes Phycidae
Hake, southern Urophycis floridana hakes Phycidae