Marine Fishes of Texas

 

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Common Name Scientific Name Type Family Thumb
Anchovy, bay Anchoa mitchilli anchovies Engraulidae
Anchovy, dusky Anchoa lyolepis anchovies Engraulidae
Anchovy, striped Anchoa hepsetus anchovies Engraulidae
Angelfish, blue Holacanthus bermudensis angelfishes Pomacanthidae
Angelfish, French Pomacanthus paru angelfishes Pomacanthidae
Guaguanche Sphyraena guachancho barracudas Sphyraenidae
Barracuda, great Sphyraena barracuda barracudas Sphyraenidae
Sea bass, twospot Centropristis fuscula basses, sea Serranidae
Sand perch, dwarf Diplectrum bivittatum basses, sea Serranidae
Sandfish, belted Serranus subligarius basses, sea Serranidae
Sea bass, rock Centropristis philadelphica basses, sea Serranidae
Soapfish, whitespotted Rypticus maculatus basses, sea Serranidae
Spanish flag Gonioplectrus hispanus basses, sea Serranidae
Bass, longtail Hemanthias leptus basses, sea Serranidae
Bass, striped Morone saxatilis basses, temperate Moronidae
Bass, white Morone chrysops basses, temperate Moronidae
Batfish, spotted Ogcocephalus pantostictus batfishes Ogcocephalidae
Beardfish, stout Polymixia nobilis beardfish Polymixiidae
Bigeye Priacanthus arenatus bigeyes Priacanthidae
Blenny, crested Hypleurochilus geminatus blennies Blenniidae
Blenny, freckled Hypsoblennius ionthas blennies Blenniidae
Blenny, stretchjaw Chasmodes longimaxilla blennies Blenniidae
Bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix bluefishes Pomatomidae
Butterfish, Gulf Peprilus burti butterfishes Stromateidae
Harvestfish Peprilus paru butterfishes Stromateidae
Butterflyfish, spotfin Chaetodon ocellatus butterflyfishes Chaetodontidae
Carp, grass Ctenopharyngodon idella carps Cyprinidae
Carp, common Cyprinus carpio carps Cyprinidae
Catfish, blue Ictalurus furcatus catfishes, North American Ictaluridae
Catfish, gafftopsail Bagre marinus catfishes, sea Ariidae
Catfish, hardhead Ariopsis felis catfishes, sea Ariidae
Chub, Bermuda Kyphosus sectatrix chubs, sea Kyphosidae
Skilletfish Gobiesox strumosus clingfishes Gobiesocidae
Cobia Rachycentron canadum cobias Rachycentridae
Cornetfish, red Fistularia petimba cornetfishes Fistulariidae
Cutlassfish, Atlantic Trichiurus lepturus cutlassfishes Trichiuridae
Sergeant major Abudefduf saxatilis damselfishes Pomacentridae
Dolphinfish, common Coryphaena hippurus dolphinfishes Coryphaenidae
Seatrout, silver Cynoscion nothus drums Sciaenidae
Perch, silver Bairdiella chrysoura drums Sciaenidae
Drum, star Stellifer lanceolatus drums Sciaenidae
Drum, freshwater Aplodinotus grunniens drums Sciaenidae
Drum, red Sciaenops ocellatus drums Sciaenidae
Seatrout, spotted Cynoscion nebulosus drums Sciaenidae
Seatrout, sand Cynoscion arenarius drums Sciaenidae
Drum, banded Larimus fasciatus drums Sciaenidae
Kingfish, Gulf Menticirrhus littoralis drums Sciaenidae
Spot Leiostomus xanthurus drums Sciaenidae
Kingfish, southern Menticirrhus americanus drums Sciaenidae
Croaker, Atlantic Micropogonias undulatus drums Sciaenidae
Cubbyu Pareques umbrosus drums Sciaenidae
Drum, black Pogonias cromis drums Sciaenidae
Cusk eel, blackedge Lepophidium brevibarbe eels, cusk Ophidiidae
Cusk eel, crested Ophidion josephi eels, cusk Ophidiidae
Moray, blacktail Gymnothorax kolpos eels, morays Muraenidae
Eel, king snake Ophichthus rex eels, snake Ophichthidae
Eel, sooty Bascanichthys bascanium eels, snake Ophichthidae
Eel, snapper Echiophis punctifer eels, snake Ophichthidae
Eel, shrimp Ophichthus gomesii eels, snake Ophichthidae
Filefish, dotterel Aluterus heudelotii filefish Monacanthidae
Filefish, planehead Stephanolepis hispidus filefish Monacanthidae
Filefish, orange Aluterus schoepfii filefish Monacanthidae
Aulopus, yellowfin Aulopus filamentosus flagfins Aulopidae
Whiff, bay Citharichthys spilopterus flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, Mexican Cyclopsetta chittendeni flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, ocellated Ancylopsetta ommata flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, shoal Syacium gunteri flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, fringed Etropus crossotus flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, twospot Bothus robinsi flounders Bothidae
Flounder, Gulf Paralichthys albigutta flounders Paralichthyidae
Flounder, southern Paralichthys lethostigma flounders Paralichthyidae
Flyingfish, Atlantic Cheilopogon melanurus flyingfishes Exocoetidae
Sargassumfish Histrio histrio frogfishes Antennariidae
Gar, alligator Atractosteus spatula gars Lepisosteidae
Gar, longnose Lepisosteus osseus gars Lepisosteidae
Gar, spotted Lepisosteus oculatus gars Lepisosteidae
Goby, code Gobiosoma robustum gobies Gobiidae
Goby, violet Gobioides broussonetii gobies Gobiidae
Goby, ragged Bollmannia communis gobies Gobiidae
Goby, naked Gobiosoma bosc gobies Gobiidae
Goby, lyre Evorthodus lyricus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, highfin Gobionellus oceanicus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, green Microgobius thalassinus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, darter Ctenogobius boleosoma gobies Gobiidae
Goby, clown Microgobius gulosus gobies Gobiidae
Goby, freshwater Ctenogobius shufeldti gobies Gobiidae
Grouper, warsaw Hyporthodus nigritus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, yellowedge Hyporthodus flavolimbatus groupers Serranidae
Hind, red Epinephelus guttatus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, snowy Hyporthodus niveatus groupers Serranidae
Hind, rock Epinephelus adscensionis groupers Serranidae
Grouper, misty Hyporthodus mystacinus groupers Serranidae
Grouper, marbled Dermatolepis inermis groupers Serranidae
Scamp Mycteroperca phenax groupers Serranidae
Margate, black Anisotremus surinamensis grunts Haemulidae
Tomtate Haemulon aurolineatum grunts Haemulidae
Pigfish Orthopristis chrysoptera grunts Haemulidae
Grunt, barred Conodon nobilis grunts Haemulidae
Hake, Gulf Urophycis cirrata hakes Phycidae
Hake, southern Urophycis floridana hakes Phycidae
Halfbeak, false silverstripe Hyporhamphus meeki halfbeaks Hemiramphidae
Shad, threadfin Dorosoma petenense herring Clupeidae
Shad, gizzard Dorosoma cepedianum herring Clupeidae
Menhaden, finescale Brevoortia gunteri herring Clupeidae
Menhaden, Gulf Brevoortia patronus herring Clupeidae
Herring, round Etrumeus teres herring Clupeidae
Herring, Atlantic thread Opisthonema oglinum herring Clupeidae
Sardine, scaled Harengula jaguana herring Clupeidae
Herring, skipjack Alosa chrysochloris herring Clupeidae
Leatherjack Oligoplites saurus jacks Carangidae
Jack, crevalle Caranx hippos jacks Carangidae
Jack, yellow Caranx bartholomaei jacks Carangidae
Jack, black Caranx lugubris jacks Carangidae
Bumper, Atlantic Chloroscombrus chrysurus jacks Carangidae
Jack, bar Caranx ruber jacks Carangidae
Jack, bluntnose Hemicaranx amblyrhynchus jacks Carangidae
Rudderfish, banded Seriola zonata jacks Carangidae
Jack, almaco Seriola rivoliana jacks Carangidae
Permit Trachinotus falcatus jacks Carangidae
Lookdown Selene vomer jacks Carangidae
Scad, rough Trachurus lathami jacks Carangidae
Runner, blue Caranx crysos jacks Carangidae
Amberjack, greater Seriola dumerili jacks Carangidae
Moonfish Selene setapinnis jacks Carangidae
Pompano, Florida Trachinotus carolinus jacks Carangidae
Killifish, rainwater Lucania parva killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, longnose Fundulus similis killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, Gulf Fundulus grandis killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, diamond Adinia xenica killifishes Fundulidae
Killifish, bayou Fundulus pulvereus killifishes Fundulidae
Lionfish, red Pterois volitans lionfishes Scorpaenidae
Molly, sailfin Poecilia latipinna livebearers Poeciliidae
Lizardfish, inshore Synodus foetens lizardfishes Synodontidae
Wahoo Acanthocybium solandri mackerels Scombridae
Mackerel, king Scomberomorus cavalla mackerels Scombridae
Mackerel, Spanish Scomberomorus maculatus mackerels Scombridae
Driftfish, black Hyperoglyphe bythites medusafishes Centrolophidae
Mojarra, flagfin Eucinostomus melanopterus mojarras Gerreidae
Pompano, Irish Diapterus auratus mojarras Gerreidae
Jenny, silver Eucinostomus gula mojarras Gerreidae
Mojarra, spotfin Eucinostomus argenteus mojarras Gerreidae
Mullet, striped Mugil cephalus mullet Mugilidae
Mullet, white Mugil curema mullet Mugilidae
Needlefish, Atlantic Strongylura marina needlefishes Belonidae
Pacu, red bellied Colossoma brachypomum pacus Characidae
Pipefish, sargassum Syngnathus pelagicus pipefishes Syngnathidae
Pipefish, chain Syngnathus louisianae pipefishes Syngnathidae
Pipefish, Gulf Syngnathus scovelli pipefishes Syngnathidae
Pomfret, black Taractes rubescens pomfrets Bramidae
Pomfret, bigscale Taractichthys longipinnis pomfrets Bramidae
Burrfish, striped Chilomycterus schoepfii porcupinefishes Diodontidae
Porgy, red Pagrus pagrus porgies Sparidae
Porgy, longspine Stenotomus caprinus porgies Sparidae
Porgy, whitebone Calamus leucosteus porgies Sparidae
Pinfish Lagodon rhomboides porgies Sparidae
Sheepshead Archosargus probatocephalus porgies Sparidae
Puffer, least Sphoeroides parvus puffers Tetraodontidae
Puffer, smooth Lagocephalus laevigatus puffers Tetraodontidae
Minnow, sheepshead Cyprinodon variegatus pupfishes Cyprinodontidae
Stingray, Atlantic Dasyatis sabina rays Dasyatidae
Stingray, bluntnose Dasyatis say rays Dasyatidae
Ray, cownose Rhinoptera bonasus rays Rhinopteridae
Ray, lesser electric Narcine bancroftii rays Narcinidae
Ray, smooth butterfly Gymnura micrura rays Gymnuridae
Skate, roundel Raja texana rays Rajidae
Sharksucker Echeneis naucrates remoras Echeneidae
Rosefish, blackbelly Helicolenus dactylopterus scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Scorpionfish, spotted Scorpaena plumieri scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Scorpionfish, highfin Pontinus rathbuni scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Scorpionfish, spinycheek Neomerinthe hemingwayi scorpionfishes Scorpaenidae
Seahorse, lined Hippocampus erectus seahorses Syngnathidae
Searobin, bandtail Prionotus ophryas searobins Triglidae
Searobin, bigeye Prionotus longispinosus searobins Triglidae
Searobin, bighead Prionotus tribulus searobins Triglidae
Searobin, leopard Prionotus scitulus searobins Triglidae
Smoothhound, Florida Mustelus norrisi sharks Triakidae
Shark, scalloped hammerhead Sphyrna lewini sharks Sphyrnidae
Dogfish, Cuban Squalus cubensis sharks Squalidae
Shark, spinner Carcharhinus brevipinna sharks Carcharhinidae
Dogfish, smooth Mustelus canis sharks Triakidae
Shark, whale Rhincodon typus sharks Rhincodontidae
Shark, sharpnose sevengill Heptranchias perlo sharks Hexanchidae
Shark, sandbar Carcharhinus plumbeus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, bull Carcharhinus leucas sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, lemon Negaprion brevirostris sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, dusky Carcharhinus obscurus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, bonnethead Sphyrna tiburo sharks Sphyrnidae
Shark, blacktip Carcharhinus limbatus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, blacknose Carcharhinus acronotus sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, Atlantic sharpnose Rhizoprionodon terraenovae sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, finetooth Carcharhinus isodon sharks Carcharhinidae
Shark, nurse Ginglymostoma cirratum sharks Ginglymostomatidae
Silverside, rough Membras martinica silversides Atherinopsidae
Silverside, inland Menidia beryllina silversides Atherinopsidae
Sleeper, fat Dormitator maculatus sleepers Eleotridae
Sleeper, bigmouth Gobiomorus dormitor sleepers Eleotridae
Snapper, queen Etelis oculatus snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, lane Lutjanus synagris snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, silk Lutjanus vivanus snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, vermilion Rhomboplites aurorubens snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, gray Lutjanus griseus snappers Lutjanidae
Wenchman Pristipomoides aquilonaris snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, blackfin Lutjanus buccanella snappers Lutjanidae
Snapper, red Lutjanus campechanus snappers Lutjanidae
Snook, smallscale fat Centropomus parallelus snooks Centropomidae
Snook, common Centropomus undecimalis snooks Centropomidae
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus soles Achiridae
Sole, fringed Gymnachirus texae soles Achiridae
Sole, lined Achirus lineatus soles Achiridae
Spadefish, Atlantic Chaetodipterus faber spadefishes Ephippidae
Squirrelfish Holocentrus adscensionis squirrelfishes Holocentridae
Stargazer, southern Astroscopus y-graecum stargazers Uranoscopidae
Buffalo, bigmouth Ictiobus cyprinellus suckers Catostomidae
Buffalo, smallmouth Ictiobus bubalus suckers Catostomidae
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus sunfishes Centrarchidae
Tarpon Megalops atlanticus tarpons Megalopidae
Ladyfish Elops saurus tenpounders Elopidae
Threadfin, Atlantic Polydactylus octonemus threadfins Polynemidae
Tilefish Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps tilefishes Malacanthidae
Tilefish, blueline Caulolatilus microps tilefishes Malacanthidae
Tilefish, sand Malacanthus plumieri tilefishes Malacanthidae
Toadfish, Gulf Opsanus beta toadfishes Batrachoididae
Midshipman, Atlantic Porichthys plectrodon toadfishes Batrachoididae
Tonguefish, blackcheek Symphurus plagiusa tonguefishes Cynoglossidae
Triggerfish, gray Balistes capriscus triggerfish Balistidae
Tripletail, Atlantic Lobotes surinamensis tripletails Lobotidae
Tuna, bigeye Thunnus obesus tunas Scombridae
Tuna, blackfin Thunnus atlanticus tunas Scombridae
Tuna, yellowfin Thunnus albacares tunas Scombridae
Tunny, little Euthynnus alletteratus tunas Scombridae
Wormfish, pink Microdesmus longipinnis wormfishes Microdesmidae